The species’ name means ‘eastern’. (In comparison, the ‘western’ plane (or American sycamore) is named Platanus occidentalis). The eastern plane’s original distribution was eastward from the Balkans.
The tree was called platane in ancient Greek history and literature and by related names in continental Europe. Equally well known in Asia and from Anatolia to India and usually called Chinar or Chenar. In the Kashmir Valley region, the native Kashmiri word for the tree is Boonyi.
The tree is capable of being grown in most temperate latitudes, though it benefits greatly from warm summers. As a very large and wide tree with broad, thick leaves that tend to orient horizontally, it is especially prized for the shade and coolness it provides during the hot season.
The oriental plane is found naturally in riverine settings, together with such trees as alder, willow and poplar. However, it is quite capable of survival and success in dry soils once it is established.Like other plane trees, its leaves are borne alternately on the stem, deeply lobed, and palmate or maple-like. It usually has flaking bark, occasionally not flaking and becoming thick and rugged. Flowers and fruit are round and burr-like, borne in clusters of between 2 and 6 on a stem. Considerable variation exists among trees in the wild.
The leaves and bark have been used medicinally. A fabric dye has been made from the twigs and roots. The timber, often called Lacewood, is figured and valuable for indoor furniture. The leaves are also often used by artists for the Delicate work of leaf carving.
From earliest days, P. Orientalis has been an important tree in Persian gardens, which are built around water and shade. There it is known as the Chenar.
These Photographs were taken by the River Korang
in Banni Gala Islamabad Pakistan © CER 2019
Information Courtesy Wikipedia.org